Rave Unde | Rava Laddoo – Sweet Semolina Balls

Saffron and Cardamom flavored Sweet Semolina Balls

[ruh way ; oohn day] (kannada)
Simple – check; Easy to make – check; Tasty – check.
In comparison to all other traditional South Indian sweets, this one is distinct – in its simplicity, ease of preparation as well as minimal active cooking required.
There couldn’t be a sweet more humble than Rave Unde. Let’s just say it is.

And because it involves shaping dough like mix into balls, it makes a perfect no-fuss preparation to involve your little budding chef(s) in the kitchen as your assistant. It’ll be fun, I promise!
I normally don’t make open promises like I just did. Not that I can’t keep them, but let’s just say I don’t. I just go about doing things. Anyway, there’s a reason I said that for.
The few times I remember distinctly when Rave Unde was sure to be made at home was during Gokulashtami (festival celebrating Lord Sri Krishna’s birth). To us, this was a festival of gastronomical proportions where sweets and savouries of at least twenty varieties were lined up as an offering to the Lord. And, a huge joint family meant that any help from all members of the house, irrespective of age, however small the contribution, was greatly appreciated. Now comes the fun part. And when Rave Unde was to be made, the main cook (my aunt) and her associates (her younger sisters) would be less interested in ‘menial’ jobs like shaping the dough mix into balls. That is where we (my brothers too) would happily pitch in and feel proud to have been part of the festival kitchen conundrum.
Those are a few of my most cherished kitchen memories from childhood. Now, you get my promise?

If you can keep this between us, let me tell you something. If I can count one sweet food I hated the most, growing up, it wouldn’t be any other than Rave Unde. I know, right?
But, times have changed and so have I. To be honest, I have surprised myself by my increased liking for it and more so, the number of times I have made it more than I expected.
I could never think of eating Rave Unde plain i.e. without the fruit and nut garnish
psst: I ate Rave Unde as a child only for the cashews and raisins in them!. So, those are indispensable, if I must say.

 Cardamom and Saffron are such classic eastern flavors. Saffron lends the faint sunshine yellow color to Rave Unde along with its mellow floral aroma.
Every time I crush saffron between my finger tips, however caught up I am in the recipe, I pause for a few seconds (if not for minutes) to smell its pleasantly out of the world aroma – it feels as if I am smelling a beautiful golden red sunset!
Skip if you must, but what is a sweet with its aroma and hue stripped?
 Totally out of context, yet it will be a shame if I don’t say a word about them. Those little dainty blue flowers my friend, are none other than the Texas Blue Bonnets. They are pretty big a deal here in Texas.
In a slightly broader sense, Blue Bonnets : Texas :: Cherry Blossoms : New York

April showers are expected to bring blue bonnets (not may flowers) here. Though this April saw a drought instead of the showers, we were lucky to spot a whole field full of them. Pretty pretty, aren’t they?

 I never met a Rave Unde that did not like raisins and cashews. This fruit and nut couple is a marriage made in heaven. Wherever they go as a couple, they are sure to transform anything they come in contact with. Need I say anything different for Rave Unde?
That is my little girl’s hand trying to grab a cashew in between photo shoots. Just couldn’t keep from posting here.
 If you never ate Rave Unde once, there’s absolutely no harm in trying it.
Assuming you are familiar with it, what kind of nostalgic childhood memories do you associate with Rave Unde?

Rave Unde | Rava Laddoo Recipe

Printable Recipe
Things you’ll need:
  • 1 cup chiroti* rava / fine semolina / fine sooji
  • 1 cup powdered/confectioner’s sugar
  • 1/2 cup milk
  • 2-3 tbsp fresh/frozen grated coconut
  • 2 tbsp ghee
  • 8-10 cashews, broken into small bits
  • 1 tbsp golden raisins or more
  • 5-6 strands saffron
  • 3-4 cardamom pods, freshly ground
Prep work:
Keep the cashew bits about half the size of a raisin. I use kitchen scissors or a traditional Indian nut cracker for this job.
Wash and pat dry golden raisins. If not for the dirt, it makes them softer for the semolina balls to hold them well without dropping out.
A mortar and pestle brings out the best freshly ground cardamom. The one I have is of marble and I bank on it for all such small grinding work.
If using frozen coconut, thaw in the microwave for 10-20 secs or let sit on the counter for 30 mins before use.

How it’s done:

If milk is not pasteurized, bring it to a boil else heat milk until just steaming either on a stove top or in a microwave. Crush the strands of saffron between your finger tips into the milk, cover and let sit to infuse.
Heat ghee in a heavy bottomed pan or kadai on medium-high heat. Do not let the ghee smoke at any point. When ghee is hot enough or shimmering, add broken cashew bits and fry until just golden brown. Strain and keep aside. To the same hot ghee, add fine semolina and roast on medium heat until fragrant and golden brown. Remove into a large mixing bowl. Even though it might seem like forever, try not to increase the heat higher or owing to its fine grade, rava/sooji will get burnt.
To the same kadai, add freshly grated coconut and roast until fragrant and all the moisture is gone. Remove on to the roasted rava.
Add washed golden raisins, fried cashew bits, ground cardamom, powdered sugar and give a good stir to mix all the dry ingredients well. Spoon some of this dry mix onto the bowl or plate of fried cashews and scoop away any residual ghee. There’s no place for wastage in an Indian kitchen!
Now for the main part, divide the dry mix into two sections. Make a small well in one part of the mix and add milk a tbsp at a time mixing fast simultaneously until you can just mold into a ball with your fingers and cupped palm. Too much milk and you’ll find it is very easy to mold, but when cooled Rave Unde will turn out to be rock solid and hard to bite as you can imagine.

The right consistency is when it can hold its shape but crumbles on pressure. If you get this right, Rave unde should melt in the mouth and then you’ll get to bite on the fried cashews and soft golden raisins.

To make a perfect round ball, first cup in your palm, roll and move with your fingers while applying pressure within the cupped palm until it appears round enough. Arrange all the balls on a plate and let cool.

Store in an airtight container when cooled and consume within 3-4 days.


Do not mix all the milk at one time, just go with one tbsp at a time.
Do not substitute ghee with oil preferably. The sweet nutty flavor of ghee is a must addition to the taste of Rave Unde.
Avoid using granulated sugar as it will not blend with sooji/rava as well as powdered sugar.
If you do not have / have run out of confectioner’s sugar, just run regular granulated sugar in a blender until super fine
Cardamom is best when freshly ground. Avoid buying ground cardamom from the store, as it loses its fragrance on the shelf rather quickly.
To skip stove top rava roasting, instead microwave rava/sooji spread on a microwave safe plate for 2-3 mins in 3o sec intervals, stirring in between intervals.
Though people do make it even with Upma rava/sooji which is a thicker grade of rava, I prefer to make it only with fine rava for its melt in the mouth texture.
Desiccated coconut is a good alternative to fresh grated coconut, if not available.

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Zucchini and Carrot Garlic Rasam

To just tell you how inspiration can come from such least expected sources, would you think of your a.c vent as one? Neither did I until this lazy day came by and I was puttering around my kitchen all fuzzy on what to cook for lunch, a starting trouble in the kitchen so typical of me at times (even the best chefs might have faced this at one time or another, right?)

Unexpected as it was, my nostrils were tickled by a strong but fragrant waft of garlic and curry leaves in a South Indian tempering, probably from the other kitchen glued to mine. Things like these are not uncommon in an apartment setup, particularly when two apartments are stuck to each other on their sides.

The scent of sizzling garlic and curry leaves was intoxicating enough for me to immediately crave for something similar. I hope my neighbor is inspired from time to time too..

If you have followed at least a few of my posts you might have a hint on how crazy I am in sneaking vegetables into everything that comes together in my kitchen. If it were up to me, I’d even sneak some into dessert, you get the idea right.

Captivated by the waft that lifted me up by my sense of smell, I set out to make a Rasam with a similar tempering, enriched with a dash of green and orange hues courtesy of the sliced carrots and zucchini.

If you have no idea what or how Rasam is and why in the world I am kicking up such a racket on sneaking vegetables here, Rasam (tamil) is a South Indian lentil broth sans veggies flavored with spices and a characteristic tempering/tadka typically eaten with steamed rice and ghee optionally.


I eat my vegetables and he does very well too, it is only my three-year old who refuses to touch any. And that is enough reason for recipes such as this one to come to life on my hot stove.

Sounding oxymoronic, light yet hearty and deeply satisfying in a meal, this rasam is fit to be made any day. It sure brought a contended smile to my face. Life is all about simple pleasures indeed.

Do you ever add veggies to your Rasam? What is the strangest veggie addition you can tell me about?

Zucchini and Carrot Garlic Rasam Recipe

print recipe

Things you’ll need:

  • 1 zucchini, sliced into 1/4″ rounds (ends chopped)
  • 2 slender carrots, peeled and sliced into 1/4″ rounds
  • 1/4 cup toor dal
  • 1/4 cup moong / split yellow dal
  • 1 tsp red chilli powder / ground cayenne pepper or per taste
  • 1 tsp jeera powder
  • about a tbsp seedless tamarind
  • salt
  • cilantro for garnish
  • 2 thin green onions, finely chopped ~ optional

for the tempering

  • 2 tsp peanut oil or ghee
  • 1 tsp mustard
  • 1 tsp jeera
  • 2 large cloves of garlic, finely chopped
  • 8 curry leaves
  • 1 green chilli, whole
  • 1/4 tsp turmeric

How it’s done:

I make this Rasam in both ways – start with tempering and then bring cooked lentil broth and veggies with spices to a boil or vice versa, but prefer the first one as I don’t need multiple pots/pans and gets done at one stretch. The second method is rather ideal though.

  • Soak tamarind in warm water and keep aside.
  • Bring water to a boil in another pot and cook the sliced vegetables covered until tender and hold their shape well.
  • While the veggies cook, wash both toor and moong dal well until the water runs clear. Pressure cook the lentils along with turmeric with just enough water for 3 whistles or until well cooked.
  • When cooled, whisk through the cooked dal for a uniformly mashed consistency. Now add about 1-1/2 cups of water, stir and leave it undisturbed for 5-10 mins to let the dal settle down. We’d only need the dal broth for Rasam.
  • For the tempering, place oil/ghee in a medium-sized pot/pan over high heat. When the oil is hot enough and shimmering but not smoking (test by dropping one or two mustard seeds first), reduce the flame to medium-high, add mustard seeds and let splutter.
  • As the mustard seeds splutter, add in the cumin seeds, minced garlic, whole green chillies and curry leaves in that order and sauté until green chillies show white spots, garlic turns golden brown and curry leaves are crisp, then add turmeric making sure to not burn it. Add the cooked veggies to this along with the liquid. 
  • Carefully pour in only the lentil broth (without the dal). Be careful with the steam rising from the sizzling pot. Add tamarind pulp, red chilli powder, jeera powder, salt and bring the rasam to a gentle boil (never rolling). Simmer for a few mins and switch off or keep aside.
  • Garnish with chopped cilantro and green onions and serve super hot over steamed rice and ghee with your choice of vegetable side dish or papad.

Zucchini Carrot Rasam served with steamed Brown rice and microwaved Jack fruit papad made for a hearty lunch!


  • Other vegetables like beans, cucumber, sweet potato and even leafy greens like spinach can be used very well with the same recipe.
  • I usually store a good chunk of tamarind soaked in water in an airtight glassware in the refrigerator. Just microwave for 30 secs and use squished pulp as needed, always comes in handy. 
  • If you’d rather not deal with squeezing tamarind to pulp, ready to use tamarind paste is a good alternative. Because it is concentrated, judge quantity accordingly.
  • Do not discard the strained dal, it can be re-used to make regular dal tadka or with vegetables or sambar.
  • Substitute garlic with a pinch of hing/asafoetida.

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